JEE Advanced 2024 Syllabus Subjectwise

Gear up, future engineers! The road to the amazing Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) starts with one super important test: JEE Advanced. It’s like the final challenge that unlocks doors to incredible engineering programs at the best IITs.

What is JEE Advanced?

Think of it as a super tough exam that helps choose the brightest minds for top-notch engineering studies in India. Cracking it means you get to learn from awesome teachers and build a fantastic career in engineering (or anything else you dream of!).

Why is the JEE Advanced 2024 Syllabus Important?

Imagine having a map of a treasure hunt! The JEE Advanced syllabus is like that map for your dream IIT seat. Knowing exactly what topics to study, how important each one is, and how deep to dive in helps you:

  • Plan your time wisely: Spend more time on tricky topics and less on easier ones.
  • Master your weak spots: Find and conquer those confusing concepts like a superhero!
  • Choose the right stuff: Pick study materials and practice questions that perfectly match the syllabus.
  • Feel super confident: Walk into the exam knowing you’ve covered everything!

JEE Advanced 2024 Syllabus: Breakdown by Subject

PHYSICS JEE ADVANCED 2024 SYLLABUS

jee advanced 2024 syllabus subjectwise


General

General Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis; least count, significant figures.

Methods of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments:
Experiments based on using Vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer), Determination of g
using simple pendulum, Young’s modulus – elasticity of the material Surface tension of water by
capillary rise and effect of detergents. Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter, focal length of a
concave mirror and a convex lens using u-v method.

Speed of sound using resonance column,
Verification of Ohm’s law using voltmeter and ammeter, and specific resistance of the material of
a wire using meter bridge and post office box.


Mechanics


Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles; Uniform circular
motion; Relative velocity.


Newton’s laws of motion; Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference; Static and
dynamic friction; Kinetic and potential energy; Work and power; Conservation of linear
momentum and mechanical energy.


Systems of particles; Centre of mass and its motion; Impulse; Elastic and inelastic collisions.
Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of
uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes; Angular momentum; Torque; Conservation of
angular momentum.

Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation; Rolling without slipping
of rings, cylinders and spheres; Equilibrium of rigid bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid
bodies. Forced and damped oscillation (in one dimension), resonance. Linear and angular simple harmonic motions. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus.


Law of gravitation; Gravitational potential and field; Acceleration due to gravity; Kepler’s law,
Geostationary orbits, Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits; Escape velocity.
Pressure in a fluid; Pascal’s law;Buoyancy; Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact,
drops, bubbles and capillary rise. Viscosity (Poiseuille’s equation excluded), Modulus of rigidity
and bulk modulus in mechanics.

Stoke’s law; Terminal velocity, Streamline flow, equation of
continuity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. Wave motion (plane waves only), longitudinal
and transverse waves, superposition of waves; Progressive and stationary waves; Vibration of
strings and air columns; Resonance; Beats; Speed of sound in gases; Doppler effect (in sound)


Thermal Physics


Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases; Calorimetry, latent heat; Heat conduction in one
dimension; Elementary concepts of convection and radiation; Newton’s law of cooling; Ideal gas
laws; Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monoatomic and diatomic gases); Isothermal and adiabatic
processes, bulk modulus of gases; Equivalence of heat and work.

First law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases); Second law of thermodynamics, reversible and irreversible processes, Carnot engine and its efficiency; Blackbody radiation: absorptive and emissive powers; Kirchhoff’s law; Wien’s displacement law, Stefan’s law.

Electricity and Magnestism


Coulomb’s law; Electric field and potential; Electrical potential energy of a system of point
charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field; Electric field lines; Flux of electric
field; Gauss’s law and its application in simple cases, such as, to find field due to infinitely long
straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell.
Capacitance; Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics; Capacitors in series and parallel;
Energy stored in a capacitor.


Electric current; Ohm’s law; Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells; Kirchhoff’s
laws and simple applications; Heating effect of current.


Biot–Savart’s law and Ampere’s law; Magnetic field near a current-carrying straight wire, along
the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid; Force on a moving charge and on a
current-carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field.


Magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop; Moving
coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter and their conversions.


Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law; Self and mutual inductance; RC, LR, LC
and LCR(in series) circuits with d.c. and a.c. sources.


Electromagnetic Waves


Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves,
microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about
their uses.


Optics


Rectilinear propagation of light; Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces; Total
internal reflection; Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; Thin lenses; Combinations of
mirrors and thin lenses; Magnification.


Wave nature of light: Huygen’s principle, interference limited to Young’s double slit experiment.
Diffraction due to a single slit. Polarization of light, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law,
Polaroids.


Modern Physics


Atomic nucleus; α, β and γ radiations; Law of radioactive decay; Decay constant; Half-life and
mean life; Binding energy and its calculation; Fission and fusion processes; Energy calculation in
these processes.
Photoelectric effect; Bohr’s theory of hydrogen-like atoms; Characteristic and continuous X-rays,
Moseley’s law; de Broglie wavelength of matter waves.

CHEMISTRY JEE ADVANCED 2024 SYLLABUS


General Topics


Concept of atoms and molecules; Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept; Chemical formulae;
Balanced chemical equations; Calculations (based on mole concept and stoichiometry) involving
common oxidation-reduction, neutralisation, and displacement reactions; Concentration in terms
of mole fraction, molarity, molality and normality.


States of Matter: Gases and Liquids


Gas laws and ideal gas equation, absolute scale of temperature; Deviation from ideality, van der
Waals equation; Kinetic theory of gases, average, root mean square and most probable velocities
and their relation with temperature; Law of partial pressures; Diffusion of gases. Intermolecular
interactions: types, distance dependence, and their effect on properties; Liquids: vapour pressure,
surface tension, viscosity.


Atomic Structure


Bohr model, spectrum of hydrogen atom; Wave-particle duality, de Broglie hypothesis;
Uncertainty principle; Qualitative quantum mechanical picture of hydrogen atom: Energies,
quantum numbers, wave function and probability density (plots only), shapes of s, p and d orbitals;
Aufbau principle; Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule.


Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure


Orbital overlap and covalent bond; Hybridisation involving s, p and d orbitals only; Molecular
orbital energy diagrams for homonuclear diatomic species (up to Ne2); Hydrogen bond; Polarity
in molecules, dipole moment; VSEPR model and shapes of molecules (linear, angular, triangular,
square planar, pyramidal, square pyramidal, trigonal bipyramidal, tetrahedral and octahedral).


Chemical Thermodynamics


Intensive and extensive properties, state functions, First law of thermodynamics; Internal energy,
work (pressure-volume only) and heat; Enthalpy, heat capacity, standard state, Hess’s law;
Enthalpy of reaction, fusion and vapourization, and lattice enthalpy; Second law of
thermodynamics; Entropy; Gibbs energy; Criteria of equilibrium and spontaneity.


Chemical and Ionic Equilibrium


Law of mass action; Significance of ȟܩ and ȟܩٓ in chemical equilibrium; Equilibrium constant
(Kp and Kc) and reaction quotient, Le Chatelier’s principle (effect of concentration, temperature
and pressure); Solubility product and its applications, common ion effect, pH and buffer solutions;
Acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts); Hydrolysis of salts.


Electrochemistry


Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode potentials; Electrochemical work,
Nernst equation; Electrochemical series, emf of galvanic cells; Faraday’s laws of electrolysis;
Electrolytic conductance, specific, equivalent and molar conductivity, Kohlrausch’s law;
Batteries: Primary and Secondary, fuel cells; Corrosion.

Chemical Kinetics


Rates of chemical reactions; Order and molecularity of reactions; Rate law, rate constant, half-life;
Differential and integrated rate expressions for zero and first order reactions; Temperature
dependence of rate constant (Arrhenius equation and activation energy); Catalysis: Homogeneous
and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis and its mechanism.


Solid State


Classification of solids, crystalline state, seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, α, β, γ),
close packed structure of solids (cubic and hexagonal), packing in fcc, bcc and hcp lattices; Nearest
neighbours, ionic radii and radius ratio, point defects.


Solutions


Henry’s law; Raoult’s law; Ideal solutions; Colligative properties: lowering of vapour pressure,
elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, and osmotic pressure; van’t Hoff factor.


Surface Chemistry


Elementary concepts of adsorption: Physisorption and Chemisorption, Freundlich adsorption
isotherm; Colloids: types, methods of preparation and general properties; Elementary ideas of
emulsions, surfactants and micelles (only definitions and examples).


Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties


Modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table; electronic configuration of elements;
periodic trends in atomic radius, ionic radius, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence,
oxidation states, electronegativity, and chemical reactivity.


Hydrogen


Position of hydrogen in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of
hydrogen; hydrides – ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water,
heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, use and structure; hydrogen as a fuel.


s-Block Elements


Alkali and alkaline earth metals-reactivity towards air, water, dihydrogen, halogens, acids; their
reducing nature including solutions in liquid ammonia; uses of these elements; general
characteristics of their oxides, hydroxides, halides, salts of oxoacids; anomalous behaviour of
lithium and beryllium; preparation, properties, and uses of compounds of sodium (sodium
carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, sodium hydrogen carbonate) and calcium (calcium
oxide, calcium hydroxide, calcium carbonate, calcium sulphate).


p-Block Elements


Oxidation state and trends in chemical reactivity of elements of groups 13-17; anomalous
properties of boron, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and fluorine with respect to other elements in their
respective groups.


Group 13: Reactivity towards acids, alkalis, and halogens; preparation, properties, and uses of
borax, orthoboric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, and alums; uses of boron
and aluminium.

Group 14: Reactivity towards water and halogen; allotropes of carbon and uses of carbon;
preparation, properties, and uses of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, silicon dioxide, silicones,
silicates, zeolites.


Group 15: Reactivity towards hydrogen, oxygen, and halogen; allotropes of phosphorous;
preparation, properties, and uses of dinitrogen, ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine, phosphorus
trichloride, phosphorus pentachloride; oxides of nitrogen and oxoacids of phosphorus.


Group 16: Reactivity towards hydrogen, oxygen, and halogen; simple oxides; allotropes of sulfur;
preparation/manufacture, properties, and uses of dioxygen, ozone, sulfur dioxide, sulfuric acid;
oxoacids of sulfur.


Group 17: Reactivity towards hydrogen, oxygen, and metals; preparation/manufacture, properties,
and uses of chlorine, hydrogen chloride and interhalogen compounds; oxoacids of halogens,
bleaching powder.


Group 18: Chemical properties and uses; compounds of xenon with fluorine and oxygen.


d-Block Elements


Oxidation states and their stability; standard electrode potentials; interstitial compounds; alloys;
catalytic properties; applications; preparation, structure, and reactions of oxoanions of chromium
and manganese.


f-Block Elements


Lanthanoid and actinoid contractions; oxidation states; general characteristics.


Coordination Compounds


Werner’s theory; Nomenclature, cis-trans and ionization isomerism, hybridization and geometries
(linear, tetrahedral, square planar and octahedral) of mononuclear coordination compounds;
Bonding [VBT and CFT (octahedral and tetrahedral fields)]; Magnetic properties (spin-only) and
colour of 3d-series coordination compounds; Ligands and spectrochemical series; Stability;
Importance and applications; Metal carbonyls.


Isolation of Metals


Metal ores and their concentration; extraction of crude metal from concentrated ores:
thermodynamic (iron, copper, zinc) and electrochemical (aluminium) principles of metallurgy;
cyanide process (silver and gold); refining.


Principles of Qualitative Analysis


Groups I to V (only Ag+ , Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Fe3+, Cr3+, Al3+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Mg2+);
Nitrate, halides (excluding fluoride), carbonate and bicarbonate, sulphate and sulphide.


Environmental Chemistry


Atmospheric pollution; water pollution; soil pollution; industrial waste; strategies to control
environmental pollution; green chemistry.


Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry


Hybridisation of carbon; σ and π-bonds; Shapes of simple organic molecules; aromaticity;
Structural and geometrical isomerism; Stereoisomers and stereochemical relationship
(enantiomers, diastereomers, meso) of compounds containing only up to two asymmetric centres
(R,S and E,Z configurations excluded).

Determination of empirical and molecular formulae of simple compounds by combustion method only; IUPAC nomenclature of organic molecules (hydrocarbons, including simple cyclic hydrocarbons and their mono-functional and bi-functional derivatives only); Hydrogen bonding effects; Inductive, Resonance and Hyperconjugative effects. 


Acidity and basicity of organic compounds; Reactive intermediates produced during homolytic
and heterolytic bond cleavage; Formation, structure and stability of carbocations, carbanions and
free radicals.


Alkanes


Homologous series; Physical properties (melting points, boiling points and density) and effect of
branching on them; Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections only); Preparation
from alkyl halides and aliphatic carboxylic acids; Reactions: combustion, halogenation (including
allylic and benzylic halogenation) and oxidation.


Alkenes and Alkynes


Physical properties (boiling points, density and dipole moments); Preparation by elimination
reactions; Acid catalysed hydration (excluding the stereochemistry of addition and elimination);
Metal acetylides; Reactions of alkenes with KMnO4 and ozone; Reduction of alkenes and alkynes;
Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2, HX, HOX, (X=halogen); Effect of peroxide
on addition reactions; cyclic polymerization reaction of alkynes.


Benzene


Structure; Electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, sulphonation, FriedelCrafts alkylation and acylation; Effect of directing groups (monosubstituted benzene) in these
reactions.


Phenols


Physical properties; Preparation, Electrophilic substitution reactions of phenol (halogenation,
nitration, sulphonation); Reimer-Tiemann reaction, Kolbe reaction; Esterification; Etherification;
Aspirin synthesis; Oxidation and reduction reactions of phenol.


Alkyl Halides


Rearrangement reactions of alkyl carbocation; Grignard reactions; Nucleophilic substitution
reactions and their stereochemical aspects.


Alcohols


Physical properties; Reactions: esterification, dehydration (formation of alkenes and ethers);
Reactions with: sodium, phosphorus halides, ZnCl2/concentrated HCl, thionyl chloride;
Conversion of alcohols into aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids.


Ethers


Preparation by Williamson’s synthesis; C-O bond cleavage reactions.


Aldehydes and Ketones


Preparation of: aldehydes and ketones from acid chlorides and nitriles; aldehydes from esters;
benzaldehyde from toluene and benzene; Reactions: oxidation, reduction, oxime and hydrazone
formation; Aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction; Haloform reaction; Nucleophilic addition
reaction with RMgX, NaHSO3, HCN, alcohol, amine.


Carboxylic Acids


Physical properties; Preparation: from nitriles, Grignard reagents, hydrolysis of esters and amides;
Preparation of benzoic acid from alkylbenzenes; Reactions: reduction, halogenation, formation of
esters, acid chlorides and amides.


Amines


Preparation from nitro compounds, nitriles and amides; Reactions: Hoffmann bromamide
degradation, Gabriel phthalimide synthesis; Reaction with nitrous acid, Azo coupling reaction of
diazonium salts of aromatic amines; Sandmeyer and related reactions of diazonium salts;
Carbylamine reaction, Hinsberg test, Alkylation and acylation reactions.


Haloarenes


Reactions: Fittig, Wurtz-Fittig; Nucleophilic aromatic substitution in haloarenes and substituted
haloarenes (excluding benzyne mechanism and cine substitution).


Biomolecules


Carbohydrates: Classification; Mono- and di-saccharides (glucose and sucrose); Oxidation;
Reduction; Glycoside formation and hydrolysis of disaccharides (sucrose, maltose, lactose);
Anomers.
Proteins: Amino acids; Peptide linkage; Structure of peptides (primary and secondary); Types of
proteins (fibrous and globular).
Nucleic acids: Chemical composition and structure of DNA and RNA.


Polymers
Types of polymerization (addition, condensation); Homo and copolymers; Natural rubber;
Cellulose; Nylon; Teflon; Bakelite; PVC; Bio-degradable polymers; Applications of polymers.


Chemistry in Everyday Life
Drug-target interaction; Therapeutic action, and examples (excluding structures), of antacids,
antihistamines, tranquilizers, analgesics, antimicrobials, and antifertility drugs; Artificial
sweeteners (names only); Soaps, detergents, and cleansing action.


Practical Organic Chemistry
Detection of elements (N, S, halogens); Detection and identification of the following functional
groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl, amino and
nitro.

MATHEMATICS JEE ADVANCED 2024 SYLLABUS

Sets, Relations and Functions


Sets and their representations, different kinds of sets (empty, finite and infinite), algebra of sets,
intersection, complement, difference and symmetric difference of sets and their algebraic
properties, De-Morgan’s laws on union, intersection, difference (for finite number of sets) and
practical problems based on them.
Cartesian product of finite sets, ordered pair, relations, domain and codomain of relations,
equivalence relation
Function as a special case of relation, functions as mappings, domain, codomain, range of
functions, invertible functions, even and odd functions, into, onto and one-to-one functions, special
functions (polynomial, trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, power, absolute value, greatest
integer etc.), sum, difference, product and composition of functions.


Algebra


Algebra of complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation,
properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, cube roots of unity, geometric
interpretations.
Statement of fundamental theorem of algebra, Quadratic equations with real coefficients,
relations between roots and coefficients, formation of quadratic equations with given roots,
symmetric functions of roots.
Arithmetic and geometric progressions, arithmetic and geometric means, sums of finite
arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series, sum of the first n natural
numbers, sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers.
Logarithms and their properties, permutations and combinations, binomial theorem for a positive
integral index, properties of binomial coefficients.


Matrices


Matrices as a rectangular array of real numbers, equality of matrices, addition, multiplication by a
scalar and product of matrices, transpose of a matrix, elementary row and column transformations,
determinant of a square matrix of order up to three, adjoint of a matrix, inverse of a square matrix of
order up to three, properties of these matrix operations, diagonal, symmetric and skew-symmetric
matrices and their properties, solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables.


Probability and Statistics


Random experiment, sample space, different types of events (impossible, simple, compound),
addition and multiplication rules of probability, conditional probability, independence of events,
total probability, Bayes Theorem, computation of probability of events using permutations and
combinations.
Measure of central tendency and dispersion, mean, median, mode, mean deviation, standard
deviation and variance of grouped and ungrouped data, analysis of the frequency distribution
with same mean but different variance, random variable, mean and variance of the random
variable.

Trigonometry


Trigonometric functions, their periodicity and graphs, addition and subtraction formulae,
formulae involving multiple and sub-multiple angles, general solution of trigonometric
equations.
Inverse trigonometric functions (principal value only) and their elementary properties.


Analytical Geometry


Two dimensions: Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of
origin.
Equation of a straight line in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a
line; Lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the
angle between two lines, concurrency of lines; Centroid, orthocentre, incentre and circumcentre
of a triangle.
Equation of a circle in various forms, equations of tangent, normal and chord. Parametric
equations of a circle, intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle, equation of a circle
through the points of intersection of two circles and those of a circle and a straight line.
Equations of a parabola, ellipse and hyperbola in standard form, their foci, directrices and
eccentricity, parametric equations, equations of tangent and normal.

Three dimensions: Distance between two points, direction cosines and direction ratios, equation
of a straight line in space, skew lines, shortest distance between two lines, equation of a plane,
distance of a point from a plane, angle between two lines, angle between two planes, angle
between a line and the plane, coplanar lines.


Differential Calculus


Limit of a function at a real number, continuity of a function, limit and continuity of the sum,
difference, product and quotient of two functions, L’Hospital rule of evaluation of limits of
functions.
Continuity of composite functions, intermediate value property of continuous functions.
Derivative of a function, derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions,
chain rule, derivatives of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential
and logarithmic functions.
Tangents and normals, increasing and decreasing functions, derivatives of order two, maximum
and minimum values of a function, Rolle’s theorem and Lagrange’s mean value theorem,
geometric interpretation of the two theorems, derivatives up to order two of implicit functions,
geometric interpretation of derivatives.


Integral Calculus


Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions,
definite integrals as the limit of sums, definite integral and their properties, fundamental theorem
of integral calculus.
Integration by parts, integration by the methods of substitution and partial fractions, application
of definite integrals to the determination of areas bounded by simple curves. Formation of ordinary
differential equations, solution of homogeneous differential equations of first order and first
degree, separation of variables method, linear first order differential equations.

Vectors


Addition of vectors, scalar multiplication, dot and cross products, scalar and vector triple
products, and their geometrical interpretations.

Syllabus Source: Joint Entrance Examination (Advanced) 2024

Clear JEE ADVANCED 2024 EXAM

By understanding the JEE ADVANCED 2024 syllabus and planning your studies smartly, you can unlock your full potential and ace the JEE Advanced like a champion! So, grab your study materials, put on your thinking cap, and get ready for an amazing adventure!

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